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Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: surfactant (makes stuff foam, makes it 'wetter'), keeps the ingredients in their emulsion.
Synonyms: SDS; Dodecyl sodium sulfate; Sulfuric acid monododecyl ester, sodium salt; SLS; Dodecyl hydrogen sulfate sodium salt. Similar, slightly milder: Sodium laureth sulfate, or sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES)
EMERGENCY OVERVIEW Appearance: white solid. Causes eye and skin irritation. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
Target Organs: Eyes, skin. Potential Health Effects Eye: Causes eye irritation. Contact with the skin defats the skin. Sodium lauryl sulfate can produce allergic sensitivity reactions. May produce drying. Chronic: Repeated exposure may cause allergic respiratory reaction (asthma). Chronic inhalation may lead to decreased pulmonary function. MSDS http://terpconnect.umd.edu
Phenoxyethanol: a glycol ether, stabilizer in perfumes and preservative
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in cosmetics (concentration limit) - Japan's Standards for Cosmetics
Limited evidence of nervous toxicity - National Library of Medicine, HazMap database (http://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov)
Classified as toxic or harmful (only for products for use around the mouth; products for use on the lips) - European Union - Classification & Labelling. http://www.ewg.org/skindeep
EDTA: Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid: (Penetration enhancer) (prescription drug used to treat lead poisoning)
EDETIC ACID; CELON A (ATH); CHEELOX (BF ACID); CHEMCOLOX 340; CLEWAT TAA; COMPLEXON II; EDATHAMIL; EDETIC acid; EDTA acid, Edetate Disodium, diammonium EDTA, dipotassium EDTA, (calcium) disodium EDTA, TEA-EDTA, tetrasodium EDTA ... helps maintain clarity, protect fragrance, and prevent rancidity
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful- Environment Canada Domestic Substance List-ewg.org
Cytotoxic and genotoxic. Can be absorbed through the skin. "Oral exposures to EDTA produced adverse reproductive and developmental effects in animals." http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12396676
Some bind to calcium, iron (or other elements), and render them unavailable to the body: "Intravenous EDTA is used to treat lead poisoning and brain damage caused by lead poisoning; to evaluate a patient's response to therapy for suspected lead poisoning; to treat poisonings by radioactive materials such as plutonium, thorium, uranium, and strontium; for removing copper in patients with Wilson's disease; and for treating high levels of calcium.
EDTA is also used intravenously for heart and blood vessel conditions including irregular heartbeat due to exposure to chemicals called cardiac glycosides, "hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), chest pain (angina), high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and blood circulation problems such as intermittent claudication and Raynaud's syndrome. Other intravenous uses include treatment of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, an eye condition called macular degeneration, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and skin conditions including scleroderma and psoriasis." (Web MD) http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-and-supplements/edta-uses-and-risks?
Methylisothiazolinone and Methylchloroisothiazolinone: "...preservative mixture at a fixed combination (ratio 3/1), which is commonly used in cosmetic and industrial applications and can be found in cosmetics, especially shampoos, dermatological products, mainly sunscreens, household cleaning products, paints, moist toilet paper, metalworking fluids" - nih.gov
Human skin toxicant or allergen - strong evidence / moderate evidence - multiple sources listed at: http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/703924/METHYLCHLOROISOTHIAZOLINONE/
"The isothiazolinones are, perhaps the most potent allergens on the consumer market. They are very effective preservatives." http://orgs.dermis.net
"Recent reports have shown increased sensitization to Methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone." http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov (and description above)
PEG-#, polyethylene glycol ester, examples: PEG 8 stearate (polyethylene glycol stearate of stearic acid), PEG-12 Dimethicone, PEG-120 Methyl Glucose Dioleateetc. Propylene Glycol. Appearance: colorless viscous liquid.
Caution! May cause eye, skin, and respiratory tract irritation. Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).
Target Organs: Central nervous system. Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
PEGs (including PEG 40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil) can contain harmful impurities, including: Ethylene Oxide, known to increase the incidences of uterine and breast cancers and of leukemia and brain cancer: National Toxicology Program; 1,4-dioxane, a known carcinogen; PAHs, known to increase the risk of breast cancer; also may contain: lead, iron, and arsenic. EWG.org
Formaldehyde Releasers / Formaldehyde-donor (FD): Formaldehyde (methanal) is an effective preservative, it is highly toxic to the immune and nervous systems and is highly carcinogenic. formaldehyde is a known carcinogen and leads to many other serious health ailments. Suspected to be an environmental toxin. More: http://www.epa.gov/
DMDM Hydantoin and Quaternium-15 also: 2-Bromo-2-nitropane-1,3-diol (bronopol), Imidazolidinyl urea / Diazolidinyl urea, methyl chloroisothiazolinone and methyl isothiazolinone (Kathon CG), Thimerosal, Sodium Hydroxymethylglycinate (Glycine, N- (Hydroxymethyl) - Monosodium Salt; Glycine, N- (Hydroxymethyl) -, Sodium Salt; N-(Hydeoxymethyl) Glycine, Sodium Salt) ... anti-bacterials in products, preservatives. Release formaldehyde as they break down. - EU report: FORMALDEHYDE RELEASERS IN COSMETIC PRODUCTS 2002, PDF: http://ec.europa.eu
Hormone disruptors (mimics)/ endocrine disrupters:
*_ Parabens (ethyl paraben, methyl paraben, propyl paraben, butyl paraben, isobutyl paraben, and isopropyl paraben, etc) and women's fertility issues: http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov -and- ewg.org
Glycol Ethers, Glycol Distearate, glycol stearate, glycol stearate SE (ETHYLENE GLYCOL DISTEARATE(pearlescent)) 2-butoxyethanol (EGBE) and methoxydiglycol (DEGME). Solvent: paints, cleaning products, brake fluid and cosmetics. "Studies of painters have linked exposure to certain glycol ethers to blood abnormalities and lower sperm counts. The European Union says that some of these chemicals "may damage fertility or the unborn child." http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Phthalates / Phylates plasticizers (bisphenol A - BPA), Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) (PVC), diphenylmethane derivatives, used to make plastic, emulsifying agents, and suspending agents
Personal-care items containing phthalates include perfume, eye shadow, moisturizer, nail polish, liquid soap, and hair spray More: http://www.webmd.com
Dioxins and atrazine- "organochlorines", polychlorinated biphenyls, Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), Polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs or furans), TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin). Carcinogens. - "toxic at parts per TRILLION levels": http://en.wikipedia.org
(Oh, yes, most dioxins are banned.... remember that.)
triclosan (Microban, Irgasan (DP 300 or PG 60), Biofresh, Lexol-300, Ster-Zac, Cloxifenolum). Some antibacterial soaps use triclocarban) "Further studies specific to triclosan have shown that it affects reproduction in lab animals, produces toxic chemicals such as dioxin and chloroform when it reacts with other chemicals like the chlorine in water, irritates skin in humans and might even cause cancer. New laboratory studies on rats and frogs show that triclosan can disrupt thyroid hormone, alter development and impair important functions at the cellular level. And a study by British researchers found that triclosan has estrogenic and androgenic hormone properties and exposure could potentially contribute to the development of breast cancer." partial list of products that contain it:(www.care2.com)
Fluoride, Sodium fluoride, salt potassium fluoride In city water, the average concentration of fluoride added to the water 4 - 6 PPM. In most commercial toothpastes it is 1500 parts per million. Toxic exposure levels of fluoride begin: .2 milligrams of it per kilo of body weight.
"Exposure to excessive consumption of fluoride over a lifetime may lead to increased likelihood of bone fractures in adults, and may result in effects on bone leading to pain and tenderness. Children aged 8 years and younger exposed to excessive amounts of fluoride have an increased chance of developing pits in the tooth enamel, along with a range of cosmetic effects to teeth." (http://water.epa.gov)
Symptoms of long term poisoning include headaches, arthritis, respiratory problems, depression, etc.
On every tube of toothpaste sold in the US: "WARNING: Keep out of reach of children under 6 years of age. If you accidentally swallow more than used for brushing, seek professional help or contact a poison control center immediately."
Harvard study: Fluoride lowers IQ- http://articles.mercola.com)
Media Desk Articles Referenced
The Connecting the Dots article as mentioned: http://themediadesk.com/newfiles7/dots.htm
An early edition in this series: Poisons in your Bathroom http://themediadesk.com/newfiles7/whatsinit.htm
More Non-Fiction and Mystery Series Articles. http://themediadesk.com/nonfiction.htm
[NOTE: Everything, chemical and otherwise, mentioned in this article is owned by other entities. Some of the substances mentioned may be trademarked by their owners. No undo disparagement or disrespect is intended. No endorsement of the Desk of them, or by them of the Desk is to be inferred.
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